What is SCORM?
SCORM is an acronym that stands for “Shareable Content Object Reference Model.” SCORM includes a set of instructions that ensures the online learning content you wish to share with others, for example, a course, or a module can be placed in any learning management system (LMS). From now on we’ll refer to online learning content as a module for consistency (a typical example at the University of Toronto is a unit or chapter of course content presented as a learning module with text, video and some quizzing).
The “shareable content objects” are the content components making up your module, such as the video, text, images and quizzes that will be shared across systems. “Reference model” reflects the specification which can be understood and applied in a consistent way by all who work in the eLearning industry. In short, SCORM governs how online learning content and learning management systems communicate with each other.
NOTE: SCORM is not an instructional design process nor is it a pedagogical concern — it is purely a technical standard.
Why use SCORM?
The SCORM standard makes sure that all elearning content and LMSs can work with each other. In this way content can be created one time and used in many different systems and situations without modification. The components of your module will work and display in the way you have designed them and you are able to upload your package to any platform without having to manually load each component separately. With reporting features you can track time spent in your module and grades and user responses can be tracked if quizzes are used in your module.